DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF EDUTAINMENT INSTRUCTIONAL PACKAGES FOR TEACHING BIOLOGY AT SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN NIGERIA

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Nkiruka Benadeth NWOKOCHA

Abstract

This study was conducted to develop and validate Edutainment Instructional Package on Biology for teaching senior secondary school students in Nigeria. The WAEC (2015) reported poor performance of students who sat for Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (WASSCE), which is not encouraging, especially in this digital age. Several reports revealed the causes for this poor student performance to include: conventional teacher-centered instructional methods, abstract nature of some science concepts, and resistance to employing innovative teaching strategies that will curb poor performance in science. Therefore, for Nigeria as a nation to be an active player in this technological era where students use devices that combine education with entertainment to learn, it becomes necessary to develop and validate edutainment instructional packages that can be used to tackle some concepts that students have learning difficulties especially in Biology which is ecology. The first package was developed using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript Language while the second package was built with action script 3.0. The packages were developed in accordance with the ADDIE model. The validation was done in three stages: content validation (biology university lecturers, secondary school biology teachers and examination bodies); expert validation (computer programmers and biology experts), and field trial validation (one-on-one validation by students). The observations, comments, and suggestions during the validation were used to modify the package. At the completion of the package, development and validation were found to produce a very good performance when used for biology instruction.   

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